# Princeton Election Consortium

### Innovations in democracy since 2004

Nov 03: Biden 342 EV (D+5.3% from toss-up), Senate 53 D, 47 R (D+3.9%), House control D+4.6%
Moneyball states: President AZ NE-2 NV, Senate MT ME AK, Legislatures KS TX NC

## Senate snapshot: 59 D/I, 41 R

#### November 2nd, 2008, 8:00pm by Sam Wang

The Senate snapshot is in the right sidebar. It probably won’t change much by Tuesday. Here’s the full documentation…

States calculated: Alaska, Georgia, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi-B, and North Carolina. Democrats have 54 safe seats, Republicans have 38 safe seats, and the two Independents (Sanders and Lieberman) are assumed to caucus with the Democrats.

Win probability: This is determined in a similar way as the Presidential race: Take the two-candidate margin in the last 3 polls and the last seven days of polls. The median margin divided by the estimated SEM defines a z-score, which is turned into a win probability using the t-distribution. (The Meta-Analysis uses a normal distribution, which needs to be fixed for next time.)

Georgia: This is a special case. If nobody reaches 50 percent, a runoff is forced. Although this is an unlikely event, it is currently where most of Martin (D)’s chances are. The probability of a runoff is estimated as (# surveys nobody reaches 50% of decided voters)/(# all surveys). In the runoff, Libertarians are assumed to split anywhere from 30:70 to 70:30 with a uniform distribution.

Finally, the entire exact probability distribution is calculated as a multinomial.

For fellow geeks: the runtime MATLAB code is kept here.

Tags: 2008 Election

### One Comment so far ↓

• We’re going to do our best to make it 60 by Ditching Mitch and putting Bruce Lunsford in his place in the Senate. My prediction — there are more Obama / Dem votes in the Bluegrass than the polls are showing (reverse Bradley). Not enough to win the state for O, unfortunately, but enough to move the meter for Bruce. GOTV!